What Is Yoga?

Before you consider starting a yoga practice, it is important to ask the question “what is yoga?”

the blocking of the activity of the mind” – Patanjali, as interpreted by N. Sjoman

a timeless pragmatic science” – B.K.S. Iyengar

the most versatile spiritual tradition of the world” – G. Feuerstein

These statements are by just three of the experts on the subject. Yoga is perhaps all of the above, to some degree. The word ‘yoga’ in Sanskrit means to join, to unite, to yoke – essentially meaning bringing unity, harmony, integrity.TKurdvapadmasana

It is important from the start to make a distinction between the ‘authentic’ yoga, that was and is primarily a spiritual/internal discipline, and the contemporary, narrowed-down takes on its various components, what we could call ‘modern’ yoga.

There are many methods, styles, techniques, many schools and many teachers – the field of contemporary yoga has great diversity.

Perhaps it is best to compare it to the arts. In the field of arts there are many disciplines – painters, writers, sculptors, musicians, etc. Within each of these disciplines there are different styles, within styles different artists produce their work, bringing their own interpretations, adding their own ‘colour’ to the vast palette. So too in yoga – there are many styles and sub-styles – for example the broader style of hatha yoga contains revivalist yoga forms such as Shivananda Yoga, Iyengar Yoga, Ashtanga Yoga. The Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga practice style sprouted many further modern sub-styles such as Power Yoga, Vinyasa Flow, Sun Power Yoga, etc.

There are styles that do very little physical practice, and there are some that are very much driven by the physical. In our ‘modern’ world the most commonly found forms have much narrower takes on yoga, using only certain aspects of the classical discipline. We now have yoga for fitness, yoga for relaxation, and a lot of yoga for just showing off… There are numerous adapted forms of yoga that appeal to people – but these should not be confused with the ‘authentic’ yoga at their core.

It should also be noted that contemporary postural practice (asana) is broadly misunderstood and misrepresented. Evidence continues to emerge that the posture practice we have today has been the result of the physical culture revolution around the turn of the 19th and 20th century. Sri T. Krishnamacharya, nowadays seen as the ‘grandfather’ of modern yoga styles, has incorporated many influences into the systems of practices he developed, many of them of western gymnastic origins. Anyone wanting to explore this in more detail should read the books ‘The Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace’ by Norman Sjoman, ‘Yoga Body’ by Mark Singleton and ‘The Path of Modern Yoga’ by Elliot Goldberg. These authors are yoga experts and teachers and shed light on yoga dispelling many myths and misconceptions.

Volumes have been written on this subject – in the end ‘yoga’ is just a word. This word can be filled with many meanings. What will make the difference is what it means to you. You can hear about yoga, you can read about yoga, but finding out what it can do for you can only come about from exposure to practicing yoga – “yoga should be known through yoga” – claims Vyasa in his commentaries on the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali…

To the approach on this site we gave the name of Atiyoga, which in Sanskrit means ‘beyond yoga’. This methodology draws on some classical scriptures and employs their principles. Methods/techniques are adopted and adapted from Ashtanga Yoga, some alignment principles from Iyengar Yoga, techniques from Norman Sjoman, etc. Last but not least, we employ techniques and methods that have sprung from our own experiences while practicing and sharing yoga over the years.